Endgame Principles - ?
101 chess endgame tips



Many important endgame principles are illustrated in the ensuing examples, but it will be useful here to summarise the main points of endgames: - Material matters in endgames. This may sound trite, but it is an important point. Whereas in the middlegame, sacrificing material to open lines and activate pieces is a standard device, it is much less common in the endgame. While we shal see that tactics and combinations have their role in the endgame. While we shall see that tactics and combinations have their role in the endgame, it is usually only in rook (and some queen) endings that piece activity is more important than an extra pawn or two. So, within reason, it pays to be a miser in the endgame. - In similar fashion, pawn-weaknesses tend to grow in importance in endigs. In the middlegame, it is frequently a good idea to accept an isolated or doubled pawn, in order to activate ones pieces and/or open lines. In the endgame, the simplified mpositions and (normally) absence of queens tend to make such dynamic play much more difficult to achiee, and consequently static weaknesses tend to be more important. - We shall see much in this book on the subject of the principle of two weaknesses. One weakness is frequently not enough, an the key to winning many positions is to create a second weakness in the defenders position, so as to stretch the defence to braking point. - The other cardinal endgame principle which I shall emphasize time and again is "do not hurry". The Endgame usually has a somewhat slower and less dynamic tempo than most middlegames, and this means that careful and slow manoeuvring is often the order of the day. Numerous good positions are spoilt by the player rushing things, when a small piece of preliminary care would have eliminated all of the opponents counterplay. _ Finally, it is important to have the right attitude to the endgame. There is a rather dreadful song, from the Hollywood musical Camelot, called How to Handle a Woman, the crux of advice being "love her, simly love her". I dont know about women, but this is certainly the right way to approach the endgame. As I said above, the endgame is the best part of chess, containing a wealth of depth and beauty, and the more one sudies it, the more apparent this becomes. Regardless of any specific knowledge it may convey, if this book helps the reader to appreciate and develop a love for endgames, it will have done its job. Steve Giddins Rochester, November 2006 http://www.slideshare.net/adismael/101-chess-engame-tips?related=4

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